Issue 38 of the Drumbeat
As we wrap up the first quarter of 2021, significant progress in combating COVID-19 pandemic is evident in most part of the world as massive vaccination campaigns gear up. Thanks to science, this is a win for people and the planet. Most importantly, it is a lesson for world leaders to embrace and empower science, technology and innovation in addressing intractable societal challenges now and in future.
Governments, research groups, non-profit foundations, public and private institutions have dedicated numerous resources in tackling the global pandemic. Evidently, some more than others. In our story of the month, Dr. Hussein Abkallo, a Kenyan biotechnologist, highlights why it is critical for African states to embrace science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs and revamp research funding.
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Issue 37 of the Drumbeat
As we all settle into 2021, the DrumBeat team wishes you, your families and communities continued good health and wellbeing. We are still living in very uncertain times. By and large, most of us have had to come to terms with the fact that our day-to-day will never be the same again. One thing remains true – this pandemic requires scientific and global efforts to manage. However, it appears that vaccine access inequality is threatening these efforts. Wealthy nations that have invested heavily on science, technology and innovation (ST&I) have acquired huge quantities of the vaccines. This should send a strong signal to developing nations on the importance of prioritising investments in ST&I and manufacturing
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Issue 36 of the Drumbeat
Welcome to our very first Drumbeat issue of 2021. For three years now, the Drumbeat has brought you unparalleled coverage of Africa’s bioscience trends, development and scientific innovations blow by blow. Telling the African science story from the source has propelled this publication among the most sought-after e-newsletters.
Reflecting on Africa’s progress in the year 2020, this issue highlights key actions needed for the region to fully enjoy the benefits from bioscience innovations. The Story of the Month section discusses the new role Africa Union is taking in harmonizing animal biotech regulations across the continent. Dr. Mary Mbole-Kariuki, Technology and Innovations Expert at African Union InterAfrican Bureau of Animal Resources, explains why ending poverty in Africa may remain a mirage without embracing modern tools for improving animal resources such as animal biotechnologies. These technologies are necessary to increase production, productivity and efficiency across animal resource value chains.
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Issue 35 of the Drumbeat
Africa continues to be regarded as the region with the biggest potential to benefit from biotech crops adoption because of immense challenges relating to new pests’ infestation and climate change impacts. This is according to the latest report on the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops, 2019 (ISAAA Brief 55), released by ISAAA in November 2020. According to the report Africa doubled the number of countries planting biotech crops from three in 2018 to six in 2019, leading the progress among the regions of the world in GM crop adoption. In this issue, we summarize Africa’s progress towards adoption of biotech crops, as detailed in the report.
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Issue 34 of the Drumbeat
The African story of scientific development and innovations in bioscience cannot be told engrossingly better than in the DrumBeat. We continue to bring you unparalleled stories on Africa’s latest bioscience development and cutting-edge scientific innovations.
This Issue offers you a special invitation to a live webinar on the launch of the latest Report on the Global Status of GM Crops. The launch is happening on Monday 30th November 2020 at 13:00 GMT. Registration to the webinar is open to all and free of charge. Sign up now at bit.ly/ISAAAwebinar.
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Issue 33 of the Drumbeat
This month, we give a special focus to a rapidly growing agricultural research and development front – animal biotechnology. Livestock, poultry and fish farming is integral to global food and nutrition security. However, animal production is faced with numerous challenges including livestock diseases, impact of climate change and increasing demand for animal protein due to population growth. Biotechnology is one of the tools offering solutions towards sustainable animal production.
In the Story of the Month, Dr Margaret Karembu, Director ISAAA AfriCenter, summarizes key outcomes from the ongoing virtual series of the 4th International Animal Biotechnology Conference running from September to November 2020. The Conference lay focus on regulatory approaches for animal biotechnology, with over 300 participants across the world sharing experiences on regulating genetically modified and genome edited animals.
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Issue 32 of the Drumbeat
This month, we focus on Africa’s progress with adoption of biotech crops by highlighting a key issue that adopter nations, and those on the verge of adoption, need to focus on – stewardship. To get an in-depth understanding on this topic and why it is important for Africa to pay particular attention to it now, we sat at the feet of Prof. Walter Alhassan.
Walter Alhassan, a Professor in animal science, hails from Ghana, and is considered a pioneer of biotechnology in Africa. He has extensive experience in university teaching and research in Ghana and Nigeria, and has served as a member of several international boards in agriculture, education and the biosciences. As Coordinator of the SABIMA project that focused on strengthening sub-Saharan Africa’s capacity for safe and sustainable biotechnology management, the DrumBeat was honoured to seek his counsel, which is featured in the Story of the Month segment.
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Issue 31 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we feature two Kenyan scientists who are focused on making the elusive food and nutritional security, a reality in sub-Saharan Africa. Our Story of the Month, celebrates Prof. Steven Runo, a molecular biologist at Kenyatta University for scooping the Royal Society Africa prize for the best scientific research in Africa 2020. This recognition comes at the backdrop of his extensive research work on Striga (witch weed), a parasitic plant devastating cereal production in the region.
The Video of the Month highlights Dr. Eric Magembe, a lead scientist on potato bacterial wilt at the International Potato Center, based in Kenya. Potato being the 3rd most important crop globally is key in achieving food and nutritional security both at the continental and regional level. It is estimated that potato bacterial wilt causes a yield loss of about 40% of the 40 tonnes attainable yield of potatoes per hectare, a situation Dr. Magembe is keen to change by use of modern biotechnology tools.
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Issue 30 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we feature two scientists based in Tanzania working on Africa’s ‘favorite’ tuber crops sweetpotato and cassava. In our Story of the Month, Kwame Ogero a research associate at the International Potato Center expounds how understanding cultivar decline in sweetpotato can enhance seed systems interventions. Kwame focuses on Tanzania, which is the second largest producer of sweetpotato in Africa and third in the world, how it has not escaped the threat posed by viruses in production.
The Video of the Month highlights Dr. Heneriko Kulembeka, Center Director, Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) project on cassava and progress in building an economically sustainable seed system for cassava in Tanzania. A classic case of how a combination of best of conventional tools for CBSD tolerant varieties and best of modern biotech for CBSD resistance will sustainably widen the choice for farmers.
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Issue 29 of the Drumbeat
This month we focus on the unprecedented role played by the African woman in agriculture as we shine light on the need to amplify her voice in policy making and towards the building of a vibrant bio-economy. This issue focuses on the gender perspective in food security.
In our Story of the Month we share Gaudiose Mujawamariya’s article on the Critical Role of Women in avoiding a COVID-19 “Food Pandemic” in sub-Saharan Africa. She argues that although African women play a key role in all aspects of the region’s food systems, they often assume this burden while laboring with key disadvantages due to long-standing gender roles that can limit their access to economic resources – both within their households and communities. Gaudiose shares lessons that could avert a crisis.
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Issue 28 of the Drumbeat
Our prayers and good wishes are with all our readers during these unsettling times when COVID-19 pandemic has destabilized our daily lives. Well-being and safety of our readers comes top on our priority as we all wage war against this disease. This pandemic reminds us that we need to invest more in science, technology and innovation to combat challenges such as disease epidemics, drought and food insecurity. It is for this reason that this edition gives special focus to cassava, and an important project aimed at developing brown streak disease (CBSD) resistant and nutritionally enhanced cassava varieties.
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Issue 27 of the Drumbeat
As the world continues to grapple with COVID-19 pandemic, we would like to wish our readers, their families and communities good health and wellbeing. We are living in very uncertain times that require humankind to come together in fighting this common enemy. The Drumbeat will continue bringing you stories, updates and opportunities that biosciences present in addressing intractable societal challenges.
In this issue, our Story of the Month underscores the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Africa’s food and agricultural systems. Farmers, traders and other players in the agri-food sector have had to explore alternative ways of marketing and delivering food to consumers amidst tight COVID-19 control measures. The opinion by Bibiana Iraki-Kipkorir, a Program Officer at ISAAA AfriCenter, examines the situation in Kenya and Rwanda, and calls for local context-specific evidence to guide decision-making.
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Issue 26 of the Drumbeat
We would like to begin by sending love, light and positive energy to all our readers. We are living in unprecedented times and it is easy to let fear consume us and render us powerless. We must not. As science advocates and champions for informed policy and choice, we have an opportunity to remind the world, especially our policymakers, what we have been agitating for over the years. The need to give science its rightful place in society.
In this issue, our Story of the Month does just that. It highlights some of the advances in science that can be harnessed to find a solution for COVID-19, but more importantly, calls on our leaders to invest in science, technology and innovation and simply give science a chance.
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Issue 25 of the Drumbeat
The DrumBeat continues to explore exciting bioscience stories and trends from around Africa. Our top story this month features the importance of partnerships in harmonizing biosafety regulations in Africa. We detail how the COMESA Biotechnology and Biosafety Policy seeks to increase investment in biotechnology applications and agricultural commodity trade in the region. To accelerate its actualization, the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) and International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) AfriCenter are jointly seeking to improve adoption of agricultural biotechnology and biosafety practices through communications, outreach and capacity building of key stakeholders including farmers, researchers, regulators, policy makers, consumers and member states.
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Issue 24 of the Drumbeat
Happy new year 2020! With this Issue, we mark the second year anniversary of bringing you news and stories on bioscience research and developments around Africa. Your continued support has encouraged us to reach wider in underscoring the role bioscience innovations play in providing solutions to various societal challenges.
Our Video of the Month feature residents of Tanga Corner, a village in Western Kenya where cassava is the staple food and primary driver of household economic growth. Unfortunately, cassava farmers and processors in Tanga Corner are currently grappling with Cassava Brown Streak Disease (CBSD), a disease that now threatens their only source of livelihood. The residents now hope for access to CBSD-resistant cassava varieties being developed by the Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa (VIRCA Plus) project.
View full publication, visit http://africenter.isaaa.org/thedrumbeat-24/
Issue 23 of the Drumbeat
As the year ends, we continue keeping you updated on the latest bioscience trends in the region. In this issue, our Story of the Month summarizes Africa’s progress towards adoption of biotech crops. The recent landmark decisions in Kenya and Nigeria have given a much-needed dose of hope to African scientists, farmers and other key stakeholders who have dedicated their efforts towards agitating for access to biotech crops. Their efforts and that of global partners who continue to walk with them is finally beginning to bear fruit! These decisions, together with the recent approval of golden rice in the Philippines, is a testament to why we must keep pressing on regardless of the challenges and set-backs for the sake of small-holder farmers and their families.
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Issue 22 of the Drumbeat
The DrumBeat continues to bring you exciting bioscience stories and trends from around Africa. This issue’s Video of the Month captures a candid conversation on what ails adoption of gene modification technologies in Africa and Europe. Complexity of regulatory systems in Africa and politicization of science emerge as some of the factors hampering adoption of modern agricultural biotechnologies on the continent.
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Issue 21 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we bring you recent stories and developments in Africa’s bioscience landscape. In our Story of the Month, Rose Mukonyo, an award winning radio journalist from Kenya reflects on her journey into biotechnology reporting. Rose unearths how one study tour to a GM crops confined field trial site converted her into a believer of the technology, and has cascaded into an avalanche of opportunities for her career. Our Video of the Month presents voices and opinions of select African biosafety regulators and researchers on the direction Africa should take in regulating products of genome editing.
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Issue 20 of the Drumbeat
This issue focuses on the just concluded Africa Biennial Biosciences Communication (ABBC) Symposium, which took place on 29th and 30th August 2019, in Pretoria, South Africa. ABBC 2019 brought together close to 100 participants from 17 countries to interrogate various regulatory options and best-bet communication practices that will facilitate informed decision making on genome editing in Africa. The Symposium’s theme “Getting it Right: Communicating about Genome Editing” was informed by the need to promote public awareness of new breeding techniques given conversations on how to govern genome editing are starting to gain momentum in the region.
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Issue 19 of the Drumbeat
A special report on the latest global status of biotech crop commercialization is the major highlight of this issue. The report – Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops in 2018 – released by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) reveals that a total of 70 countries adopted biotech crops through cultivation and importation in 2018, the 23rd year of continuous biotech crop adoption. It shows Africa continues to make steady progress in the adoption of biotech crops with Nigeria becoming the first country in the world to approve biotech cowpea, thus, adding a new biotech crop to the global biotech basket.
View full publication, visit http://africenter.isaaa.org/thedrumbeat-19/
Issue 18 of the Drumbeat
We would like to begin by thanking all our readers for your continued support since we started this journey one and a half years ago. We take pride and encouragement from your positive feedback on the stories we share.
The Opinion Piece takes us to Ethiopia where Dr. Kassahun Tesfaye, Director General of Ethiopian Biotechnology Institute (EBTi) shares insights in fostering a thriving agricultural biotechnology environment in Africa. In the Story of the Month, we feature an interview with Dr. Abdoulaye Diabaté, a Senior Medical Entomologist and Principal Investigator with the Target Malaria project in Burkina FAso. Here, Dr. Diabaté addresses fundamental questions surrounding the use of innovative genetic technologies in control of malaria-causing mosquitoes in Africa.
View full publication, visit http://africenter.isaaa.org/thedrumbeat-18/
Issue 17 of the Drumbeat
We continue to bring you absorbing stories on Africa’s latest bioscience development and cutting-edge scientific innovations, as well as expert views and recommendations on optimizing science and technology to steer the continent forward. We also bring you the latest research and publications on biosciences.
In this month’s issue, the Story of the Month explores the role of science communication in combating emerging crop pests and diseases. With a spotlight on tribulations of Rwandan farmers, the story puts a strong case of how science communication can help transform rural communities.
View full publication, visit http://africenter.isaaa.org/thedrumbeat-17/
Issue 15 of the Drumbeat
We would like to begin by congratulating ISAAA’s newly appointed Global Coordinator, Dr. Mahaletchumy Arujanan. The DrumBeat celebrates Dr. Maha’s appointment as she strives to take ISAAA to greater heights.
In the Opinion piece, we hear from Dr. Margaret Karembu, a seasoned science communicator and Director of ISAAA AfriCenter, who shares her lessons on communicating the science of gene modification from the last two decades. Karembu calls on the scientific community to cultivate shared values with their stakeholders, adding that investing time to regularly engage them is not an option, but an obligation.
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Issue 14 of the Drumbeat
The DrumBeat’s unparalleled coverage of bioscience stories and trends from around Africa is getting more resonate and exciting! In this month’s issue, we take you on an experienced-packed journey into Bt cotton research in Malawi. Prof. James Bokosi, the Principal Investigator in Bt cotton research in the country, relives his experience in research and development of the biotech crop in the south-eastern African nation offering African agri-biotech researchers some invaluable lessons.
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Issue 13 of the Drumbeat
This issue takes us back to Nigeria as we celebrate a major breakthrough for the region – commercial approval of a GM food crop, Bt cowpea! Africa has finally contributed one crop to the global biotech basket. We speak to Prof. Mohammad Ishiyaku, Principal Investigator of the Bt Cowpea project. In an exclusive interview under our Story of the Month section, Prof. Ishiyaku reflects on the product development process and shares some words of advice for other researchers conducting similar projects across Africa.
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Issue 12 of the Drumbeat
The first issue of 2019 starts from Nigeria – Africa’s most populous nation and perhaps the most progressed in agri-biotech trends over last year. Dr. Rose Gidado, Assistant Director, National Biotechnology Development Agency (NABDA) and coordinator, Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB) Nigeria chapter gives an opinion on the potential of agricultural biotechnology in transforming African agriculture amidst current intractable challenges.
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Issue 11 of the Drumbeat
The DrumBeat continues to explore exciting bioscience stories and trends from around Africa. This month’s issue carries a detailed personal account of how the continent should position herself to tap from the numerous benefits provided by application of science, technology and innovations (ST&I). Today, Africa is faced with new-world challenges ranging from the burgeoning global population to climate change, with adverse effects on her food production systems, environment and health. Gertrude Ngabirano, Executive Secretary of the East African Science and Technology Commission (EASTECO), gives an insight on bridging the gap between research and implementation to solve these key challenges.
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Issue 10 of the Drumbeat
This issue takes us to Sudan where Dr. Rasha Omer, Deputy Director of Biotechnology and Biosafety at the Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), makes a case for genetically modified drought tolerant food crops. In 2017, Sudan was the only other African country, besides South Africa, to plant biotech cotton. The country planted 192,000 hectares of insect resistant (Bt) cotton, an increase from the 120,600 hectares planted in 2016.
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Issue 9 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we bring you stories making headlines in Africa as the continent continues to explore biosciences to address key food, health and environmental challenges. In the opinion piece, Dr. Leta Bedada, a senior biotechnology research scientist at the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) offers perspectives on application of agricultural biotechnologies in improving food production. The video of the month highlights voices from Kenyan policymakers in support of adopting Bt cotton for revitalization of the country’s textile industry.
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Issue 8 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we continue to explore Africa’s position in using bioscience innovations to solve key food & nutrition, health and environmental challenges. This has become urgent amidst rise in societal adversities, ranging from escalating climate change effects, disease outbreaks and a rapidly decreasing capacity of food systems to sustain the burgeoning population. The opinion piece features a personal account of Dr. Edgar Traore, coordinator for the Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB) Burkina Faso chapter. Dr. Traore recounts the plight of Burkinabé cotton farmers, two years after suspension of cultivating biotech cotton.
View full publication, visit http://africenter.isaaa.org/thedrumbeat-8/
Issue 7 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we share highlights on the progress Africa is making in harnessing science, technology and innovation in addressing key challenges facing the continent. The opinion piece features a personal account of Francis Mulaa, a Professor of Biochemistry and Biotechnology from the University of Nairobi, Kenya on how Africa can effectively fix the gaps derailing adoption of bioscience innovations.
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Issue 6 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we share a special feature on progress in research and adoption of biotech crops with a focus on Africa’s milestones achieved by 2017. In a new report released by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), global hectarage of biotech crops stood at 189.8 million hectares in 2017, a 3 percent increase from 2016. The report records 67 countries using biotech crops with 19 out of those cultivating being from developing countries. In Africa, remarkable developments were achieved in biotech crops research, policy development and commercialization. This progress involved 12 crops in 13 countries being improved for 14 traits of interest.
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Issue 5 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we share a special feature on the advent of genome editing in steering crop and animal breeding programs to top-notch status. The opinion piece by Dr. Hennie Groenewald, Executive Manager Biosafety South Africa outlines the voyage that genetics, molecular biology and genetic engineering has taken in harnessing DNA potential in improving crops, livestock, providing cures to diseases and offering solutions to numerous global challenges. The month of May also saw three African countries make landmark step towards embracing biotechnology in agriculture.
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Issue 4 of the Drumbeat
In this issue, we share a special feature on women’s contribution in science towards steering African development. The opinion piece section highlights Professor Yaye Gassama, Chair-High Level Panel on Emerging Technologies of AUC/NEPAD and Vice President National Academy of Technical Sciences of Senegal (ANSTS). Prof. Gassama epitomizes a prevailing formidable woman spirit with an ability to transform the society through active engagement in scientific innovations.
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Issue 3 of the Drumbeat
DrumBeat would like to encourage young African scientists to apply for the Science & ScienceLifeLab Prize for Young Scientists. The Prize is awarded annually to one young scientist for outstanding life science research for which he/she was awarded a doctoral degree in the previous two years. Deadline for application is July 15, 2018.
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Issue 2 of the Drumbeat
ISAAA is running a Science and She campaign. The campaign, which kicked-off in February 2018, serves as a platform for female scientists and science communicators to share their views and experiences to help bridge the gap between science and the public. Follow the conversation on Twitter and Facebook using #ScienceAndShe
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Issue 1 of the Drumbeat
The name ‘DrumBeat’ was inspired by Africa’s spirit of Ubuntu – the belief in a universal bond that connects all humanity. As the African proverb goes, “you do not beat a drum with one finger.” It is our hope that through your contribution and partnership, we will make the DrumBeat a success. We aim to inform and educate key stakeholders on the progress Africa is making in the field of biosciences, and where necessary, remind our leaders that we can no longer afford to be left behind.
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