Genome sequence data from 17 accessions of Ensete ventricosum, a staple food crop for millions in Ethiopia
Enset is a perennial, herbaceous plant belonging to the same botanical family as bananas and plantains. Although it does not yield edible fruits, it is the most important cultivated staple food crop in the highlands of central, south and southwestern Ethiopia with cultural significance and a key food security crop. This study present raw sequence reads and genome assemblies derived from 17 accessions of the Ethiopian orphan crop using the Illumina HiSeq and MiSeq platforms. Also presented is a catalogue of single-nucleotide polymorphisms inferred from the sequence data at an average density of approximately one per kilobase of genomic DNA.
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Silencing of the Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases (MAPK) Fus3 and Slt2 in Pseudocercospora fijiensis Reduces Growth and Virulence on Host Plants
Pseudocercospora fijiensis, causal agent of the black Sigatoka disease (BSD) of Musa spp., has spread globally since its discovery in Fiji 1963 to all the banana and plantain growing areas across the globe. It is becoming the most damaging and economically important disease of this crop. This study suggests that Slt2 and Fus3 MAPK signalling pathways play important roles in plant infection and pathogenic growth of fungal pathogens. The silencing of these vital fungal genes through host-induced gene silencing (HIG) could be an alternative strategy for developing transgenic banana and plantain resistant to BSD.
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First report of Dasheen mosaic virus Infecting Taro (Colocasia esculenta) from Ethiopia
Dasheen mosaic virus (DsMV) is a member of the family Potyviridae, genus Potyvirus, and infects taro (Colocasia esculenta L.) and other aroids wherever they grow. DsMV infection can cause up to 60% production losses on taro and other edible aroids. Taro is widely grown and as an important staple food crop in south Ethiopia. This study presents the first report of DsMV infecting taro in Ethiopia. The presence of DsMV presents a serious threat to taro production and further work is needed to determine the geographic distribution, incidence, and yield losses associated with DsMV infection in taro-growing areas in Ethiopia.
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